Commonly Confused Words: まる and める

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Commonly Confused Words: まる and める

I’d say when you study Japanese, there are a lot of confused words. Let me introduce one of the commonly confused words which are まる and める that has been quite often used in daily conversation and you would be using まる and める from today!




まる

Be closed

まる is an intransitive verb, unlike める. Thus, The subjects are not people which are things such as ドア(doors), 学校がっこう(schools), まど (windows), ふた(lids), みせ(stores), 図書館としょかん (the libraries) and so on. The basic way to use it is “___(things)がまる” (___ is closed.).

Example
ゆか
ドアがったね。 (The door was closed.) (门关上了。) (문이 닫혔네.) (Cửa đóng rồi nhỉ.)
たつや
学校がっこう台風たいふうるわ。 (The schools are closed due to the typhoon.) (学校因为台风关闭。) (태풍으로 학교가 문을 닫았어.) (Vì có bão nên trường học sẽ đóng cửa.)
ゆか
しっかりとふたがっていることを確認かくにんしてね。 (Make sure the lid is closed tightly.) (记得确认盖子紧闭哦。) (제대로 뚜껑이 닫혔는지 확인해줘.) (Kiểm tra xem cái nắp đã được đóng chặt chưa đi đấy.)
たつや
みせ何時なんじりますか? (What time does the store close?) (这家商店几点关门?) (가게는 몇 시에 닫나요?) (Cửa hàng đóng cửa vào lúc mấy giờ ạ?)
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める

Close

める is a transitive verb, unlike まる. Thus, the subjects should be people, so the way to use it is “___(people)が___(things)をめる’___(people) close ___(things)'”. For instance, ドア(doors), まど(windows), ふた(lids), みせ(stores), ほん (books) etc. める and じる are quite different. じる means “to make it back to the original” such as eyes, mouth, legs, umbrellas, books and so on. める means “to fill the gaps” such as doors, windows, lids, shutters and etc. Furthermore, the difference between じる and める is that basically じる is used for things which are pretty small and める is not used for things which are small.

Example
たつや
ドアをたわ。 (I closed the door.) (我把门关上了。) (문을 닫았어.) (Tôi đóng cửa rồi.)
ゆか
ドアはゆっくりてね。 (Please close the door softly.) (慢慢关上门。) (문은 살짝 닫아줘.) (Đóng cửa từ từ thôi nhé.)
たつや
て。 (Close your eyes.) (闭上你的眼睛。) (눈 감아.) (Nhắm mắt lại đi.)
ゆか
ほんしずかにたよ。 (I quietly close the book.) (我悄悄地合上了这本书。) (책을 조용히 덮었어.) (Tớ đã nhẹ nhàng đóng quyển sách lại đấy.)

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