すでに vs. もう:How To Quickly Figure Them Out

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すでに vs. もう:How To Quickly Figure Them Out

When you want to use the meaning “Already”, what kind of words do you use? すでに or もう? And what is the difference between them? Japanese has a lot of words for casual and formal and these are one of them. Since すでに and もう are useful words in ordinal conversations, try to use すでに and もう after figuring them out. Let me introduce how different they are today!




すでに(sudeni) / もう(mou)

Already

Both “すでに(sudeni) and もう(mou)” are the same meaning which is “Already”. The difference between them is that “もう” is quite casual than “すでに” such as “もういたの?” as casual and “すできましたか?” as polite or formal which mean “Have you already arrived?”. However, “すでに” is pretty formal so you could also say “もうきましたか?” as polite. Thus, “もういたの?” is used as casual, “もうきましたか?” as polite and “すで到着とうちゃくしましたか?” as formal that all mean “Have you already arrived?”. The tips for using them are that “もう” is used as casual and polite in daily conversations and “すでに” is used as formal(polite) especially in business situations.

Example
ゆか
もういたの!? (Have you already arrived?) (你已经到了! ?) (벌써 도착했어!?) (Cậu đến nơi rồi cơ á!?)
たつや
もうよる飯食はんたべたの? (Have you had dinner yet?) (你吃过晚饭了吗?) (저녁 벌써 먹었어?) (Cậu đã ăn tối rồi cơ á?)
ゆか
うん、もうよる飯食はんたべたよー。 (Yes, I’ve already ate dinner.) (是的,我已经吃过晚饭了。) (응, 이미 저녁 먹었어.) (Ừ, tớ ăn tối rồi.)
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たつや
もういそがしい時期じきたよ。 (The busiest season of the year has already come.) (已经到了开始忙碌的时期。) (이제 바쁜 시기가 왔다.) (Đợt bận đến rồi đó.)
ゆか
もうあつくなってきたねー。 (It’s already gotten hot.) (天气已经热起来了。) (이제 더워지기 시작했네.) (Trời nóng lên rồi nhỉ.)
たつや
すで把握はあくしているよ。 (I’ve already grasped the situation.) (我已经掌握情况了。) (이미 알고 있어.) (Tớ đã biết rồi.)
ゆか
それはすでならいましたよ。 (This’s what we already have learned.) (那个已经学过了哦。) (그건 이미 배웠어요.) (Cái đó tớ học rồi.)
たつや
昨日きのう連絡れんらくがあったときすでてました。 (Yesterday, when you sent a message I was already sleeping.) (昨天,你联系我的时候,我已经睡着了。) (어제 연락받았을 땐 이미 자고있었어요.) (Hôm qua lúc có cuộc gọi tôi đã ngủ mất rồi.)

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