すぐ vs. もうすぐ: Native Speakers Often Use These

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すぐ vs. もうすぐ: Native Speakers Often Use These

Some Japanese learners are quite complicated to use “すぐ(sugu)” and “もうすぐ(mou-sugu)”, aren’ they? Because they are quite similar. And “すぐ” and “もうすぐ” are often used by native speakers. After reading this, you would be able to easily use them. Let me introduce how you easily use “すぐ” and “もうすぐ” today!




すぐ(sugu)

Right away / Immediately / Shortly / Quickly

“すぐ(sugu)” means “right away, immediately, shortly and quickly”. “すぐに” can be used all of the tenses which means “すぐ” is used for past, present and future tense, unlike “もうすぐ”. Time-wise, “すぐ” has been basically used 1 sec to 5 minutes, of course, it depends on the people thought. And the difference between “すぐ” and “すぐに” is that people use “すぐ” in emphasizing. Because when people can’t afford to do something, they tend to omit a word and に of すぐに in this case. So, when you talk to people in daily conversations as polite or write e-mails, you might want to use すぐに instead of “すぐ”. Lastly, when emphasizing “すぐ”, that would be “いますぐ”.

Example
ゆか
すぐくね! (I will leave immediately.) (马上去!) (바로 갈게!) (Tớ đi liền đây!)
たつや
すぐわすれてしまう。わら (I forget so quickly. haha) (我一下就会忘了。哈哈哈。) (금방 잊어버려.(웃음)) (Tớ mau quên lắm (cười).)
ゆか
いますぐやりなよ! (Do it right now!) (还不赶紧去做!) (지금 바로 해야지!) (Cậu làm ngay đi nhé!)
たつや
すぐやるよー。 (I will do it right away.) (我马上就去做。) (곧 할게.) (Tớ làm liền đây!)
ゆか
いますぐいたくなる! (I really wanna see you right now.) (我现在就想见你!) (지금 바로 만나고 싶어!) (Muốn gặp ngay bây giờ quá!)




もうすぐ(mousugu)

Soon

“もうすぐ(mousugu)” means “soon” and which can’t be used for the past tense, unlike “すぐ”. Basically, もうすぐ is used as the future tense or present tense. For instance, “もうすぐくよ。(I’ll be there soon.)” which is correct, however, “もうすぐいたよ。(I was there soon.)” is wrong which is the past tense. Again すぐ can be used as the past tense such as “すぐいたよ。(I immediately arrived there.)”. There are two points in using “もうすぐ”. The one is that it can’t be used for the past tense and the second is that time-wise is 5 minutes to 1 hour, although it depends on the people and by using these words: く(go), る(come), く(arrive), れる(put in), はいる(enter), る(go out), etc. However, もうすぐ has been also used 2 or 3 weeks to 6 months or more. In this case, people could describe a long period of time by using もうすぐ such as はな(flowers), 季節きせつ(seasons), 人生じんせい(life) and etc.

Example
たつや
もうすぐくよ! (I’ll be there soon.) (我快到咯!) ( 곧 도착할거야!)(Tớ sắp đến nơi rồi!)
ゆか
バレンタインがもうすぐやってるねー。 (Valentine’s Day is coming soon.) (情人节就快到了。) (곧 있으면 발렌타인이네~.) (Sắp đến Valentine rồi nhỉ.)
たつや
もうすぐくね。 (It will bloom soon.) (快开花呢。) (이제 곧 피겠네.) (Hoa sắp nở rồi.)
ゆか
もうすぐ20歳にじゅっさいだよ! (I’ll be turning 20 in a week.) (我很快就要20岁了!) (이제 곧 20살이야!) (Tớ sắp hai mươi tuổi rồi đấy!)
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たつや
もうすぐクラスはじまるの? (Will the class start soon?) (马上就要开始上课吗?) (조금 있으면 수업 시작 해?)(Lớp học sắp bằt đầu rồi hả?)

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