Probability Adverbs; 絶対ぜったいに, たぶん, もしかすると, etc…

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Probability Adverbs; 絶対ぜったいに, たぶん, もしかすると, etc…

Have you been got confused what probability adverbs are? There are many Japanese probability adverbs, which are 絶対ぜったいに, たしかに, たぶん, おそらく, もしかすると, おそらく, etc. Let me introduce how you correctly use them today!




可能性かのうせい(kanousei)

Possibility

  • 100%: 絶対ぜったいに / たしかに (definitely)
  • 95%: たしかに / 絶対ぜったい (certain)
  • 80-90%: たぶん / おそらく / ありえる (probably)
  • 60%: たぶん / ___しそう (likely)
  • 30-50%: たぶん / もしかすると, もしかしたら / おそらく / ___ かも (maybe, perhaps)
  • 20%: ひょっとすると___かも / かもしれない (possibly)
  • 15%: しそうもない / する可能性かのうせいひく (unlikely)
  • 0-10%: まったくありそうもない (improbable)
  • 絶対ぜったいに(zettaini), たしかに(tashikani) [Certainty factor 100%]

    Definitely

    絶対ぜったいに, たしかに” is “Definitely” which means “without doubt”. And Certainty factor is 100%, so you use “絶対ぜったいに, たしかに” to emphasize that something is the case, or to emphasize the strength of your intention or opinion.

    Example
    ゆか
    来週らいしゅう映画観えいがみかない? (Wanna see a movie next week?) (下周去看电影不?) (다음 주에 영화 보러 갈래?) (Tuần sau đi xem phim được không?)
    たつや
    絶対ぜったいく! (Definitely!) (绝对要去!) (꼭 갈래!) (Đi chứ còn gì nữa!)
    ゆか
    絶対ぜったいくべきだよ! (You should definitely go!) (你应该要去的!) (꼭 가야 해!) (Không đi là phí lắm đó!)

    たしかに(tashikani), 絶対ぜったいに(zettaini) [Certainty factor 95%]

    Certainly

    たしかに, 絶対ぜったいに” is “Certainly” which means “undoubtedly; surely”. And Certainty factor is 95%, so you use “たしかに, 絶対ぜったいに” to emphasize what you are saying when you are making a statement.

    Example
    たつや
    たしかにわってるなぁ。 (This is certainly unique.) (确实已经改变了呢。) (확실히 바뀌어 있네.) (Đúng là khác người thật đấy.)
    ゆか
    さくらは絶対ぜったいかいるよ! (Sakura is certainly coming to the drinking party.) (小樱绝对会来聚餐!) (사쿠라는 꼭 술자리에 올거야!) (Chắc chắn Sakura sẽ đến bữa nhậu đấy!)

    たぶん(tabun), おそらく(osoraku), ありえる(arieru) [Certainty factor 80-90%]

    Probably

    “たぶん, おそらく, ありえる” is “Probably” which means “almost certainly”. And Certainty factor is 80-95%, so you use “たぶん, おそらく, ありえる” mean that something is very likely. You can use “たぶん, おそらく, ありえる” when you want to make your opinion sound less forceful or definite, so that you do not offend people. That’s why most Japanese like the word “たぶん, おそらく, ありえる”, but “おそらく and ありえる” are quite formal than “たぶん”. You might want to use たぶん in daily conversation.

    Example
    たつや
    明日あした会行かいいく? (Are you going to the party tomorrow?) (明天的聚餐,去不?) (내일 회식 가?) (Ngày mai đi uống không?)
    ゆか
    うん、たぶん (Yeah, probably.) (嗯,也许吧。) ((응, 아마.) (Ừ, để xem đã.)
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    たつや
    おそらくかないよ。 (No, probably not.) (恐怕不会去。) (아마 안 갈 거야.) (Chắc là không đi đâu.)

    たぶん(tabun) / ___しそう(shisou) [Certainty factor 60%]

    Likely

    “たぶん / ___しそう” is “Likely” which means “such as well might happen or be true”. And Certainty factor is 60%, so You use “たぶん / ___しそう” to indicate that something is probably the case or will probably happen in a particular situation. You can use “たぶん / ___しそう” when you want to make your opinion sound less forceful or definite, so that you do not offend people. That’s why most Japanese like the word “たぶん”. Most Japanese use “たぶん” as the meaning of both “Probably, Likely, etc…”

    Example
    ゆか
    外曇そとくもってる? (Is it cloudy outside?) (外面是阴天吗?) (밖에 흐려?) (Bên ngoài trời đang âm u hả?)
    たつや
    うーん・・雨降あめふそうかなぁ。 (Umm…it’s likely to rain.) (嗯……好像会下雨吧。) (음… 비 올 것 같은데.) (Hmn… Chắc trời sắp mưa rồi.)
    ゆか
    たぶんマネージャーになるかも? (I’m likely to be a manager.) (也许你会成为一名经理?) (어쩌면 매니저 할 수도 있을걸?) (Có khi là tớ sẽ lên làm quản lý đấy?)




    たぶん(tabun) / もしかすると(moshikasuruto), もしかしたら(moshikashitara) / おそらく(osoraku
    ) / ___ かも(kamo) [Certainty factor 30-50%]

    Maybe / Perhaps

    “たぶん / もしかすると, もしかしたら / おそらく / ___ かも” is “Maybe / Perhaps” which means “used to express uncertainty”. And Certainty factor is 30-50%, so You use “たぶん / もしかすると, もしかしたら / おそらく / ___ かも” to express uncertainty. You can use them when you want to make your opinion sound less forceful or definite, so that you do not offend people. That’s why most Japanese like the word “たぶん / もしかすると, もしかしたら / おそらく / ___ かも”. Most Japanese use “たぶん” as the meaning of “Probably, Likely, Maybe, Perhaps, etc…”. “おそらく” is pretty formal than “もしかすると or もしかしたら and ___かも”. It depends on the people using these words, however, if you feel the possibility is pretty lower, that would be “もしかすると or もしかしたら and ___ かも” are better. If it’s fifty-fifty, that would be “たぶん” is better to use. Although “もしかすると or もしかしたら” is the same as “おそらく and おそらく” are pretty formal.

    Example
    たつや
    あってるよね? (Is it right?) (说中了吗?) (맞지?) (Đúng rồi nhỉ?)
    ゆか
    そうかもねー。 (You may be right.) (可能是吧。) (그럴지도.) (Có lẽ là vậy.)
    たつや
    今晩暇こんばんひま (Are you free tonight?) (今晚有空?) (오늘 밤 시간 있어?) (Tối nay rảnh không?)
    ゆか
    多分たぶん (Maybe.) (也许吧。) (아마.) (Chắc thế.)
    たつや
    もしかしたらゆめだったのかも・・? (Perhaps it was a dream…?) (该不会是一场梦吧?) (어쩌면 꿈이었을지도…?) (Chắc chỉ là một giấc mơ thôi cũng nên?)

    ひょっとすると ___かも(hyottosuruto
    ___kamo) / ___かもしれない(kamoshirenai) [Certainty factor 20%]

    Possibly

    “ひょっとすると and ___かもしれない” is “Possibly” which means “to indicate doubt or hesitancy”. And Certainty factor is 20%, so You use “ひょっとすると and ___かもしれない” to indicate that you are not sure whether something is true or might happen. It is pretty similar to say “I guess”. “___かもしれない” sounds a little bit younger than “ひょっとすると”. So “ひょっとするとるかもね” can express “るかもね”.

    Example
    ゆか
    あってるよね? (Is it right?) (猜中了吧?) (맞지?) (Đúng rồi nhỉ?)
    たつや
    かもしれないない・・・ (Possibly…) (也许吧…) (그럴지도 모르겠네…) (Cũng có thể lắm …)
    ゆか
    ひっとするとるかもね。 (He will possibly come here.) (说不定会来。) (어쩌면 올지도 몰라.) (Có lẽ nó sẽ đến.)

    ___ しそうもない(shisoumonai) / ___ する可能性かのうせいひくい(surukanouseiga-hikui) [Certainty factor 15%]

    Unlikely

    ” ___ しそうもない and ___ する可能性かのうせいひくい” is “Unlikely” which means “not likely to happen”. And Certainty factor is 15%. So if you use “___ しそうもない and ___ する可能性かのうせいひくい” that something is unlikely to happen or unlikely to be true, you believe that it will not happen or that it is not true, although you are not completely sure. “___ する可能性かのうせいひくい” is pretty formal than “___ しそうもない”.

    Example
    ゆか
    雨降あめふそうにないよ。 (It is unlikely to rain.) (感觉不会下雨。) (비 올 것 같지는 않아.) (Trời không có vẻ sắp mưa đâu.)
    たつや
    このチームが可能性かのうせいひくんじゃない? (It’s unlikely this team is going to win, isn’t it?) (这支球队获胜的机率很低,不觉得吗?) (이 팀이 이길 가능성은 적잖아?) (Cơ hội chiến thắng của đội này thấp mà lại?)

    ありえない(arienai) / まったくありそうもない(mattaku-arisoumo-nai) [Certainty factor 0-10%]

    Improbable

    “ありえない and まったくありそうもない” is “Improbable” which means “definitely not likely to happen”. And Certainty factor is 0-10%. So if you use “ありえない / まったくありそうもない” that Something that is improbable definitely not likely to happen. “まったくありそうもない” sounds a little bit stronger word than “ありえない” which is also the strong word though.

    Example
    ゆか
    ありえなくない? (It’s too improbable, isn’t it?) (不可能吧!) (있을 수 없지 않아?) (Làm gì có chuyện vô lý thế?)
    たつや
    ありえない事故じこだね。 (That was an improbable accident.) (不得了的事故。) (있을 수 없는 사고구나.) (Tai nạn này vô lý hết sức nhỉ.)

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