15 Ways to Use る: Improve Your Japanese Skill

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15 Ways to Use る: Improve Your Japanese Skill

る” has a lot of meanings such as “いえをる”, “涙なみだがる”, “テストにる”, etc. Did you know what they mean? After reading this, you would be answering this question? Let me introduce what their subtle differences are and how you correctly use them such as native speakers today!




[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmrk-circle” wrap=”i”] 鼻水はなみずる (hanamizu-ga-deru)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Have a runny nose. / 流鼻水 / 콧물이 나오다. / Chảy nước mũi

“鼻水はなみずる” means “Have a runny nose”. This is used as both casual and formal. The polite ways to use it are “鼻水はなみずます。(I have a runny nose.)” for yourself, “鼻水はなみずてます。(You have a runny nose.)”.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka35.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
鼻水はなみずてるよ。 (You have a runny nose, you know?) (流鼻水了哦。) (콧물이 나와 있어.) (Cậu bị chảy nước mũi kìa!)
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmrk-circle” wrap=”i”] テストにる (tesuto-ni-deru)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Be on the test / 考试会考到 / 시험에 나오다. / Có trong bài kiểm tra

“テストにる” means “Be on the test”. This is used as both casual and formal. The polite ways to use it is “テストにます。(It would be on the test.)”. You would also say “テストに出題しゅつだいされる(It will be on the test.)”, however, it is pretty formal.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa96.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”l icon_blue” sample”]
ここってテストにますか? (Will this be on the test?) (这部分考试会考吗?) (여기는 테스트에 나옵니까?) (Phần này có trong bài kiểm tra không?)
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”headphones” wrap=”i”] LISTENING COURSE Sample [wp-svg-icons icon=”headphones” wrap=”i”]
 
[wp-svg-icons icon=”spades” wrap=”i”] Beginner

[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmrk-circle” wrap=”i”] 裏目うらめる (urame-ni-deru)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Backfire / 事与愿违 / 예상이 빗나가다 / Phản tác dụng

“裏目うらめる” means “Backfire”. This is used as both casual and formal. The polite ways to use it is “裏目うらめます。(It backfires.)”. If what you did for someone backfired, you would be able to use it, although you wanted to help him/her. Basically, this word is used as a negative meaning.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa2.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”l icon_blue” sample”]
かれとおもってしたことが、裏目うらめしまった。 (My plan backfired though I just wanted to help him/her.) (虽然觉得挺好的,但和我想的不一样。) (이랬으면 좋겠다고 생각했던 예상이 빗나가 버렸다.) (Tớ đã có ý định tốt ai ngờ lại bị phản tác dụng!)
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmrk-circle” wrap=”i”] かおる (kao-ni-deru)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Show on your face. / 脸上显示出神色。 / 표정에 드러나다. / Hiện lên mặt.

“かおる” means “Show on your face”. This is used as both casual and formal. The polite ways to use it is “かおます。(It shows on your face.)”. When you figure out what they are thinking by showing on their face, you would be able to use this. This word is used as the negative and positive meaning as well.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka29.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
ダイエットちゅうだし、このケーキべたくない! (I don’t wanna eat this cake cuz I’m on a diet!) (我正在减肥,我不想吃这个蛋糕!) (다이어트중이기도 하고, 이 케이크는 먹고 싶지 않아!) (Tớ đang ăn kiêng nên tớ không muốn ăn cái bánh kem này đâu!)
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[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa92.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”r icon_blue” sample”]
でも、ほんとはべたいんでしょ?かお
てる
よ。わら
(But you honestly wanna eat it, right? It shows on your face. haha) (但其实你是想吃的吧?你都写在脸上了。笑) (하지만 사실은 먹고 싶지? 얼굴에 쓰여 있어. 하하.) (Nhưng sự thật là cậu rất muốn ăn chứ gì? Hiện hết lên mặt rồi kìa! haha )
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmrk-circle” wrap=”i”] テレビにる (terebi-ni-deru)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Appear on TV shows. / 出现在电视上 / 텔레비전에 나오다 / Lên TV

“テレビにる” means “Appear on TV shows”. This is used as both casual and formal. The polite ways to use it is “テレビにます。(A person appear on TV shows.)”. When you figure out what they are thinking by showing on their face, you would be able to use this.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka53.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
明日あした親戚しんせきがテレビにんだー。 (My relative will appear on TV shows tomorrow.) (亲戚明天会上电视。) (내일 친척이 TV에 나올거야.) (Ngày mai một người thân của tớ sẽ lên TV đó!)
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmrk-circle” wrap=”i”] 電話でんわる (denwa-ni-deru)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Pick up the phone, Answer the call / 接听电话 / 전화를 받다 / Nghe điện thoại!

“電話でんわる” means “Pick up the phone / Answer the call”. This is used as both casual and formal. The polite ways to use it is “電話でんわます。(I pick up the phone.)”.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa70.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”l icon_blue” sample”]
ゆかー!電話でんわくれない? (Yuka! Can you pick up the phone?) (由香!你能帮我接一下电话吗?) (유카! 전화 받아주지 않을래?) (Yuka, cậu nghe điện thoại hộ tớ được không?)
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[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka67.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
すぐに電話でんわよね。 (Please answer my call immediately!) (我马上接。) (바로 전화 받도록 해.) (Hãy nghe điện thoại ngay lập tức nhé! )
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmrk-circle” wrap=”i”] 本性ほんしょうる (honsyou-ga-deru)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Show one’s true colors. / 显露本性 / 본성이 나오다 / Lộ bản chất

“本性ほんしょうる” means “Show one’s true colors”. This is used as both casual and formal. The polite ways to use it is “本性ほんしょうます。(A person shows his/her true colors.)”. Basically, this word is used as a negative meaning.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa10.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”l icon_blue” sample”]
本性ほんしょうよ・・・ (You show your true colors…) (显露本性了哦……) (본성이 나오네…) (Lộ bản chất rồi kìa!)
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmrk-circle” wrap=”i”] 幽霊ゆうれいる (yuurei-ni-deru)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Be haunted / 幽灵出现 / 유령이 나오다 / Có ma

“幽霊ゆうれいる” means “Haunted”. This is used as both casual and formal. The polite ways to use it is “このいえ幽霊ゆうれいます。(This house is haunted.)”.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka25.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
この部屋へやって幽霊ゆうれいらしいよ。 (I’ve heard this is a haunted room.) (这个房间好像有幽灵出现哦。) (이 방에서 유령이 나온다나봐.) (Nghe nói căn phòng này có ma đó!)
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmrk-circle” wrap=”i”] ___のぼろがる (no-boro-ga-deru)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] A lack of ___ is obvious. / ___出现破绽 / ___의 결점이 나오다. / Phát hiện lỗi của…..

“ぼろがる” means “A lack of ___ is obvious.”. This is used as both casual and formal. The polite ways to use it is “___のぼろがます。(A lack of ___ is obvious.)”. Basically, this word is used as a negative meaning.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa1.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”l icon_blue” sample”]
準備不足じゅんびぶそくぼろがしまったな・・・ (My lack of preparation was obvious…) (因没准备好而出错了……) (준비 부족이 탄로났어…) (Việc chuẩn bị thiếu xót đã bị phát hiện rồi!)
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmrk-circle” wrap=”i”] ___がかおてる (ga-kao-ni-deteru)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] One’s face tells me ___. / ___显露在脸上 / ___이 표정에 드러나다. / ___ thể hiện trên khuôn mặt

“___がかおてる” means “One’s face tells me ___.”. This is used as both casual and formal. The polite ways to use it is “___がかおてます。(One’s face tells me ___.)”. This word is used as the negative and positive meaning as well.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka26.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
人柄ひとがらかおてるね。やさしそうだね。 (Your face tells me what you’re like. You look kind.) (品性显露在脸上。看起来很温柔。) (인품이 얼굴에 나와 있어. 친절할 것 같아!) (Tính cánh cũng thể hiện trên khuôn mặt nhỉ! Trông hiền ha! )
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmrk-circle” wrap=”i”] なみだる (namida-ga-deru)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Tear up / 流泪 / 눈물이 나다 / Rơi nước mắ, Khóc

なみだる” means “Tear up”. This is used as both casual and formal. The polite ways to use it is “なみだます。(I tear up)”. Although you would say “なみだながす(Tear up)”, it’s pretty formal.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa98.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”l icon_blue” sample”]
この映画えいがたら、自然しぜんなみだよ。 (When I watched this movie, I naturally teared up.) (看了这部电影,不自觉地就会流泪。) (이 영화를 보면 자연스럽게 눈물이 나버려.) (Cứ xem phim này là tự nhiên tớ lại rơi nước mắt vậy đó!)
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmrk-circle” wrap=”i”] いえる (ie-wo-deru)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Leave the house / 离开家, 出門 / 집을 나오다. / Ra khỏi nhà

いえる” means “Leave the house”. This is used as both casual and formal. The polite ways to use it is “いえます。(I leave the house)”. This is the basic usage of “る”.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka35.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
余裕よゆうっていえね。 (Leave the house with time to spare!) (出门不要踩着点,留点足够的时间吧。) (여유를 가지고 집에서 나올게.) (Tính giờ ra khỏi nhà sớm chút nhé!)
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmrk-circle” wrap=”i”] あくびがる (akubi-ga-deru)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Yawn / 打哈欠 / 하품이 나오다 / Ngáp

“あくびがる” means “Yawn”. This is used as both casual and formal. The polite ways to use it is “あくびがます。(I yawn.)”. Or you could also say “あくびをする”. “あくびがる” sounds “someone NATURALLY yawns.” than “あくびをする”.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa52.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”l icon_blue” sample”]
なが小説しょうせつって、あくびがよね?わら (Long novels make us yawn, right? haha) (看很长的小说,就会想打哈欠对吧。笑) (긴 소설은, 하품이 나오지 않아? 하하.) (Mấy cái loại tiểu thuyết dài đúng là đọc chỉ có ngáp thôi nhỉ! Haha)
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmrk-circle” wrap=”i”] あじる (aji-ga-deru)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] The flavor comes out. / 味道出来了 / 맛이 나다 / Có vị

あじる” means “The flavor comes out.”. This is used as both casual and formal. The polite ways to use it is “あじます。(“The flavor comes out.)”. Basically, this is used as the meaning of “the more you chew, the flavor comes out.”.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka85.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
このガム、めばむほどあじよ。 (The more I chew this gum, the more the flavor comes out.) (这个口香糖,越嚼越有味。) (이 껌 씹으면 씹을수록 맛이 나!) (Kẹo cao su này càng nhai càng có vị đấy!)
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmrk-circle” wrap=”i”] やるる (yaruki-ga-deru)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] I feel more motivated. / 有干劲 / 의욕이 나다 / Có động lực

“やるる” means “I feel more motivated.”. This is used as both casual and formal. The polite ways to use it is “やるます。(“I feel more motivated.)”. This word is used as the positive meaning.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa91.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”l icon_blue” sample”]
やるきた! (I’m feeling more motivated!) (有干劲了!) (의욕이 생겼어!) (Tớ đã có động lực rồi!)
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