deru vs. dekiru: The Beginner’s Guide to Use These

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る vs. 出来できる: The Beginner’s Guide to Use These

What is the difference between “る and 出来できる”? Which has the meaning of “CAN”? After reading this, you would be answering this question. Let me introduce what their subtle differences are and how you correctly use them such as native speakers today!

る (deru)

Go out, Leave / 离开 / 나오다 / đi ra khỏi

Basically “る” means “Go out or leave” and which has been used as the meaning of “to leave a room or building to do something”. The basic way to use it “わたしは___を/からる。”, etc. For instance, “わたし部屋へやからる(I go out from the room.)”. The tips for using it is that when using “る”, you “Go out or Leave” from somewhere. Native speakers sometimes omit “を” of e.g “いえを出る” in talking to their friends, so that would be “家いえる”.

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Sample

yuka

10分前じゅっぷんまえいえたよ。 (I left my house 10 minutes ago.) (我十分钟前离开了家。) (10분 전에 집에서 나왔어.) (Tớ đã ra khỏi nhà mười phút trước rồi nhé!)

tatsuya

いまいえたよ! (I just left my house!) (刚出家门!) (지금 집에서 나왔어!) (Giờ tớ đã ra khỏi nhà rồi đó!)

yuka

あと10分じゅっぷんいえるね。 (I ‘ll leave my house in ten minutes.) (我十分钟后出门哦。) (앞으로 10분 뒤에 집에서 나갈게.) (10 phút nữa tớ sẽ ra khỏi nhà nhé!)

tatsuya

昨日きのう最後さいご会社かいしゃたよ。つかれた〜。 (I was the last one to leave the office. I’m so tired.) (昨天是我在公司的最后一天。好累啊~) (어제는 마지막으로 회사에서 퇴근했어. 피곤하다~) (Hôm qua là ngày cuối tớ đến công ty đấy! Mệt dã man!)

出来できる (dekiru)

Can, Be able to / 能做 / 할 수 있다 / có thể

出来できる” means “Can or Be able to” and which has been used as the meaning of “someone is good at what he/she does”. The basic way to use it “わたしは___出来できる”, etc. For instance, “わたし約束やくそく出来できる(I can promise.)”. The tips for using it is that although, “出来できる” means “Can / Be able to”, it would be changed by verbs such as “ける(I can go.)”, “はなせる(I can speak.)”, “出来できる(I can do.)”, “およげる(I can swim)”, etc. So, although,”る” and “出来できる” might have been pretty similar for you, first of all, they are really different.

Sample

yuka

たつやならきっと出来できるよ! (I know you can do it!) (达也的话肯定能做到!) (타츠야라면 분명히 할 수 있어!) (Ai chứ Tatsuya thì chắc chắn sẽ làm được thôi!)

tatsuya

出来できる? (Can you do that?) (你能做到吗?) (할 수 있어?) (Bạn có thể làm được không?)

yuka

約束やくそく出来できる? (Can you promise?) (你能保证吗?) (약속 할 수 있어?) (Bạn có thể hứa không?)

tatsuya

ちょっとだけ日本語にほんごはなせるよ。 (I can speak a bit of Japanese.) (我会讲一点日语。) (일본어를 조금 할 줄 알아.) (Tôi có thể nói được một chút tiếng Nhật đấy.)

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