く vs. ってくる: To Improve Your Japanese Fluency

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く vs. ってくる: To Improve Your Japanese Fluency

What is the difference between “く and ってくる”? Which do you use when going out and come back soon? After reading this, you would be answering this question. Let me introduce what their subtle differences are and how you correctly use them such as native speakers today!




[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmrk-circle” wrap=”i”] く (iku)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Go / 去 / 가다 / Đi

く” means “Go” and which has been used as the meaning of “to travel or move to another place”. The basic way to use it “わたしは___に/へく”, etc. For instance, “わたし学校がっこうく(I go to school.)”. The tips for using it is that when using “く”, you “JUST MOVE” from one place to another. Furthermore, we often omit “に/へ” of “___に/へく” which sounds native speakers. However, you might want to use “___に/へく” in public or business situations.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka74.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
昨日学校きのうがっこうった (Did you go to school yesterday?) (你昨天去上学了吗?) (어제 학교 갔어?) (Hôm qua cậu có đi học không?)
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[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa70.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”l icon_blue” sample”]
図書館としょかんかない (Why don’t we go to the library?) (要不要去图书馆?) (도서관 가지 않을래?) (Đi thư viện không?)
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”headphones” wrap=”i”] LISTENING COURSE Sample [wp-svg-icons icon=”headphones” wrap=”i”]
 
[wp-svg-icons icon=”spades” wrap=”i”] Beginner

[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa96.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”l icon_blue” sample”]
これからジムによ。 (I’m going to the gym now.) (我现在去健身房。) (지금부터 체육관에 갈거야.) (Kể từ giờ tớ sẽ đến phòng tập thể dục thẩm mỹ.)
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmrk-circle” wrap=”i”] ってくる (ittekuru)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Go, Go out / 去去就回 / 다녀 오다 / Đi đâu đó rồi về

く” means “Go” and which has been used as the meaning of “to travel or move to another place”. The basic way to use it “わたしは___に/へってくる”, etc. For instance, “わたし学校がっこうってくる(I go to school.)”. The tips for using it is that “ってくる” literally means “GO and COME BACK”. So, that’s why, when Japanse kids go to school in the morning, they say “行ってきます(I’m going!/I’m off!)” to their mom or dad. Not only kids, but all of Japanse including adults also say “行ってきます” to their high school, university, or even company as well. Of course, after school or work, they would come/get back home. Furthermore, time-wise, “ってくる” is a little shorter than く”, it depends on the situations though. So, The difference between “昨日きのう、ジムにった(I went to the gym.)” and “昨日きのう、ジムにってきた(I went to the gym.)” is that “昨日きのう、ジムにった(I went to the gym.)” means probably he/she went to the gym and worked out, whereas “昨日きのう、ジムにってきた(I went to the gym.)” means he/she might have just signed up for the gym or shortly worked out or something. Lastly, “ってくる” means “GO and COME BACK” and is sometimes used as the meaning of “short time”, native speakers often use “ちょっとコンビニにってくる(I’m just going out to the convenience store.)”, “ちょっとトイレにってくる(I go to the bathroom for a bit.), etc. However, we don’t use “ってくる”, when asking someone such as “図書館としょかんってこない?” is wrong. Everybody uses “ってくる” as casual and business situations. If you come back later, why don’t you use this which sounds like native speakers? Lastly, when using “ってくる”, it sometimes used as the meaning of “the short time”, so native speakers tend to put “ちょっと” before “ってくる” in this case. “ちょっと” means “for a bit”.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka9.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
ちょっとコンビニってくるね。なにってようか? (I’m just going out to the convenience store. Do you want me to get something for you?) (我要去一下便利店,有什么想买的吗?) (잠깐 편의점에 다녀올게. 뭔가 사올까?) (Tớ đi ra cửa hàng tiện lợi một tý rồi về nha. Cậu có cần mua gì không?)
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[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa31.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”l icon_blue” sample”]
ちょっとトイレにってくるよ。 (I go to the bathroom for a bit.) (我去一下厕所。) (잠깐 화장실에 다녀 올게.) (Tớ đi vệ sinh chút nhé!)
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[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka85.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
スーパーってくるね。 (I’m just going to the supermarket now.) (我要去一下超市。) (슈퍼 다녀 올게.) (Tớ đi siêu thị nhé!)
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[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa98.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”l icon_blue” sample”]
これからジムにってくるよ。 (I’m going to the gym now.) (我去一下健身房就回来。) (지금부터 체육관에 다녀 올게.) (Giờ tớ đi tập gym đây.)
[/voice]

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