年上としうえ vs. 年下としした: Which is Younger or Older Than You?

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年上としうえ vs. 年下としした: Which is Younger or Older Than You?

What is the difference between “年上としうえ and 年下としした“? Which is younger or older than you? After reading this, you would be answering this question. Let me introduce what their subtle differences are and how you correctly use them such as native speakers today!




[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmark-circle” wrap=”i”] 年上としうえ(toshiue)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] A person who is older than you / 年长 / 연상 / Lớn tuổi hơn

年上としうえ” means “A person who is older than you” The basic way to use it is “___はわたし年上としうえだ。(___ is older than me.)”, “わたしより___才年上さいとしうえ(___ years older than me)”, etc. For instance, “かれわたし年上としうえだ。(He is older than me.)”, “わたしより2才年上にさいとしうえ(two years older than me)”, etc. The tips for using it are that “年上としうえ” doesn’t have both a good and bad meaning, it’s just normal. You would explain HOW OLD HE/SHE IS OLDER THAN YOU. Everybody could use it both in daily conversations as casual and in business situations as formal such as “かれわたし年上としうえでよ。(He is older than me.)” in daily conversations as casual and “かれわたし年上としうえです。(He is older than me.)” as polite and formal.

Example
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3歳さんさい年上としうえのおねえちゃんがいます。 (I have a sister who is three years younger than me.) (我有个比我大三岁的姐姐。) (3살 연상의 누나가 있습니다.) (Tôi có một chị gái lớn hơn tôi 3 tuổi.)
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彼女かのじょにするなら年上としうえがいいな。 (If I were to pick a girlfriend, older women are better.) (我要交女朋友的话会找比我年纪大的吧。) (여자친구 만든다면 연상이 좋겠어.) (Nếu là làm bạn gái thì lớn tuổi hơn cũng hay đấy nhỉ.)
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年上としうえには興味きょうみがないの。 (I’m not interested in men/guys older than me.) (我对比我年纪大的人没兴趣。) (연상한테는 관심 없어.) (Tôi không quan tâm đến chuyện lớn tuổi hơn đâu.)
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[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa22.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”l icon_blue” sample”]
彼女かのじょ年上としうえだよ。 (My girlfriend is older than me.) (她比你年纪大。) (그녀는 연상이야.) (Cô ấy lớn tuổi hơn đấy.)
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmark-circle” wrap=”i”] 年下としした(toshishita)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] A person who is younger than you / 年纪小 / 연하 / Nhỏ tuổi hơn

年下としした” means “A person who is younger than you” The basic way to use it is “___はわたし年下とししただ。(___ is younger than me.)”, “わたしより___才年下さいとしした(___ years younger than me)”, etc. For instance, “かれわたし年下とししただ。(He is younger than me.)”, “わたしより2才年下にさいとしした(two years younger than me)”, etc. The tips for using it are that “年下としした” doesn’t have both a good and bad meaning, it’s just normal. You would explain HOW OLD HE/SHE IS YOUNGER THAN YOU. Everybody could use it both in daily conversations as casual and in business situations as formal such as “かれわたし年下とししただよ。(He is younger than me.)” in daily conversations as casual and “かれわたし年下とししたです。(He is younger than me.)” as polite and formal.

Example
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3歳さんさい年下とししたいもうとがいます。 (I have a sister who is three years younger than me.) (我有一个比我小三岁的妹妹。) (3살 연하의 여동생이 있습니다.) (Tôi có một em gái nhỏ hơn tôi ba tuổi.)
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[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa98.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”l icon_blue” sample”]
彼女かのじょにするなら年下とししたがいいな。 (If I were to pick a girlfriend, younger women are better.) (如果要交女朋友的话我会找比我年纪小的。) (여자친구 만든다면 연하가 좋겠어.) (Nếu là làm bạn gái thì lớn tuổi hơn cũng hay đấy nhỉ.)
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[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka61.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
年下とししたには興味きょうみがないの。 (I’m not interested in men/guys younger than me.) (我对比我小的人没兴趣。) (연하한테는 관심 없어.) (Tôi không quan tâm chuyện nhỏ tuổi hơn đâu.)
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彼女かのじょ年下とししただよ。 (My girlfriend is younger than me.) (她比你年轻。) (그녀는 연하야.) (Cô ấy kém tuổi hơn đấy.)
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