How to Use とても and たいへん : You Won’t Be Complicated
What is the difference between “とても(totemo)” and “大変 (taihen)“? Are they quite similar? What about “宿題が大変です” and “宿題がとてもです”？ If you didn’t figure them out, don’t worry about it. After reading this, you would completely figure them out. Let me introduce how to correctly figure out “とても” and “大変“!
とても / 大変 (totemo / taihen)
Very / Really / So (Hard / Tough)
“とても (totemo) and 大変 (taihen)” mean “Very, Really and So”, basically they are the same meaning, however, the way to use them and nuance are pretty different. The different nuance is that “とても” tends to use in daily conversation such as “今日はとてもあついです(It is very hot today.)” and “大変” tends to use in business situations such as “大変申し訳ございません(I apologize.)” which is not “とても申し訳ございません” rather wrong. And the different way to use them is that “大変” has the other meaning which is “Hard and Tough” such as “宿題が大変です(My homework is too hard.)” which you wouldn’t be able to say “宿題がとてもです”. Further, you could say “大変だ！かじだー！(Oh my goodness! It’s on fire!)” as well. Lastly, native Japanese speakers are excited about something, “とても(so)” would be “とっても(sooo)” or “マジ” and “ちょー” which are slang.
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とっても楽しかった！！ (I had a really good time!) (非常开心！！) (정말 즐거웠습니다.) (Vui cực kỳ luôn!) (tottemo tanoshi katta!!)
ありがとうございました！とても助かりました。 (Thank you so much! You’ve been very helpful.) (非常感谢你！帮了大忙。) (감사합니다! 굉장히 도움이 되었습니다.) (Cảm ơn bạn rất nhiều! Có bạn giúp may lăm luôn ý.) (arigatō gozaimashita! totemo tasukari mashita.)
今日のレッスンはとっても役に立ちました！ (Today’s lesson was very useful to me.) (今天的课程非常有帮助！) (오늘 수업은 굉장히 도움이 되었습니다.) (Bài học ngày hôm nay rất bổ ích.) (kyō no ressun watottemo yaku ni tachimashita!)
ご迷惑をおかけして大変申し訳ありません。 (I really apologize for the inconvenience this may cause.) (对此带来的任何不便，我们深表歉意。) (불편을 끼쳐드려 대단히 죄송합니다.) (Chúng tôi rất xin lỗi vì đã làm phiền quý khách.) (gomeiwaku wo okake shitetaihen mōshiwake arimasen.)
この赤ちゃん、とってもかわいね！ (This baby is sooo cute!) (这个宝宝,真是可爱呢！) (이 아기, 굉장히 귀여워!) (Em bé này dễ thương quá ha!) (kono akachan, tottemo kawai ne!)
大変だー！泥棒だー！ (Oh my goodness!It’s on fire! He’s a robber/thief.) (糟了！是小偷！) (큰일이야! 도둑이야!) (Lớn chuyện rồi! Trộm đấy!) (taihen da-! dorobō da-!)
仕事大変そうだね。大丈夫？ (Your job sounds really tough. Are you OK?) (工作好像挺辛苦的。还好吗？) (일 힘들어 보여. 괜찮아?) (Công việc có vẻ vất vả quá nhỉ. Cậu ổn chứ?) (shigototaihen sōda ne. daijōbu?)
毎日ほんと大変だよー。でも仕事だからね。 (Actually, everyday is really tough. But it’s my job.) (每天都够呛的。但这就是工作啊。) (매일 정말 힘들었어. 그래도 일이니까.) (Ngày nào cũng cực cả. Nhưng là công việc thì phải chịu thôi.) (mainichi honto taihen dayo-. demo shigoto dakara ne.)
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