2分にぶんいち, 3分さんぶんいち, etc:How to Use Fractions in Japanese

0520-2021-bunsuu-learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan
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2分にぶんいち, 3分さんぶんいち, etc:How to Use Fractions in Japanese

What is the difference between “ぶんいち(ni-bun-no-ichi) and さんぶんいち(san-bun-no-ichi)”? After reading this, you would be answering this question. Let me introduce what their subtle differences are and how you correctly use them such as native speakers today!




[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmark-circle” wrap=”i”] 分数ぶんすう(bunsuu)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Fractions / 两分之一, 三分之一 / 2분의 1, 3분의 1 / Một nửa/ một phần hai, Một phần ba

分数ぶんすう(bunsuu)” means “Fractions” and which have been used as the meaning of “a number that results from dividing one whole number by another”. The basic fractions are that ぶんいち(one-half), “さんぶんいち(one-third)”, “さんぶん(two-thirds)”, “よんぶんさん(three-fourths)”, “ぶんよん(four-fifths)”, “100ひゃくぶんいt(one hundredth), etc. Everyone could use them as casual, polite and formal such as “地球ちきゅう表面ひょうめんよんぶんさんうみだよ。(Three-fourths of the earth’s surface is water.)” as casual, and “地球ちきゅう表面ひょうめんよんぶんさんうみです。(Three-fourths of the earth’s surface is water.)” as polite and formal. Furthermore, “plus” is “たす”, “minus” is “マイナス”, “multiplied by” is “かける” and “divided by” is “わる”.

Example
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ケーキのさんぶんべたよ。 (I ate two-thirds of the cake.) (我把蛋糕吃了三分之二。) (케이크의 3분의 2를 먹었어.) (Tôi đã ăn hai phần ba cái bánh kem đấy.)
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クラスの生徒せいとさんぶんいち女性じょせいです。 (One-third of the students in my class are females.) (班上有三分之一的学生是女生。) (반 학생의 3분의 1은 여자입니다.) (Một phần ba số học sinh trong lớp là nữ.)
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Beginner

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一年いちねんよんぶんいちわったね。 (A quarter of the year is over.) (一年已经结束了四分之一。) (일년의 4분의 1이 끝났네.) (Một phần tư của một năm đã kết thúc rồi nhỉ.)
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客席きゃくせきさんぶんしかまっていなかったよ。 (Only two-thirds of the seats were filled.) (观众席才被坐满了三分之二呢。) (객석은 3분의 2밖에 차있지 않았어.) (Chỉ có hai phần ba số ghế khán giả đã được lấp đầy.)
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食事しょくじぶんよんのこしました。 (I left four-fifths of my meal.) (饭吃剩了五分之四。) (식사의 5분의 4를 남겼습니다.) (Tôi đã để thừa lại bốn phần năm của bữa ăn.)
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メンバーのよんぶんさんがその会議かいぎ出席しゅっせきしました。 (Three-quarters of the members attended the meeting.) (四分之三的成员参加了那个会议。) (구성원의 4분의 3이 그 회의에 참석했습니다.) (Ba phần tư số thành viên đã có mặt trong buổi họp.)
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世界せかいさんぶん人口じんこう携帯けいたい使つかってるらしいよ。 (I heard two-thirds of the world’s population is now using cell phone.) (好像在世界上有三分之二的人口都在使用手机。) (세계 인구의 3분의 2가 휴대폰을 사용한다나봐.) (Nghe nói là số người đang sử dụng điện thoại di động chiếm hai phần ba dân số của thế giới đấy.)
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