Perfect Counting in Japanese from 1-100,000+:An easy Beginner’s Guide

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Learn Japanese reading, Japanese writing and Japanese speaking with these free words and sentences about the numbers from 1 to 100,000. All words and sentences are spoken by real Japanese natives and this helps you in learning the correct pronunciation.

Counting is typically one of the first skills you master when learning a new language. 

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Basic Japanese counting: 1 to 99 in Japanese

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First, let’s look at how to count from 0 to 10. After 1 to 10, Japanese numbers follow a logical pattern, with a few exceptions.

  • 11 is 十一(juuichi)or 10 (juu) + 1 (ichi);
  • following the exact same rule, 12 is 十二 (juuni) or 10 (juu) + 2 (ni).

So 11 in Japanese is “10-1”, or juu-ichi / じゅういち.

numberhiraganaromajinumberhiraganaromaji
0ぜろzero10じゅう
1いちichi11じゅういちjū ichi
2ni12じゅうにjū ni
3さんsan13じゅうさんjū san
4よんyon14じゅうよんjū yon
5go15じゅうごjū go
6ろくroku16じゅうろくjū roku
7ななnana17じゅうななjū nana
8はちhachi18じゅうはちjū hachi
9きゅうkyū19じゅうきゅうjū kyū

It’s easier than you’d expect!

Once you learn how to count to 10, you can use 60% of Japanese numbers. Moving onto larger numbers. With the basics we’ve already looked at, it’s not that challenging!

Counting to 100 is just a game of repeatedly compounding and adding.

Once you get to twenty, it’s the same concept, but you start by counting the 10s:

20 is 二十 (nijuu): 2 10’s 21 is 二十一 (nijuuichi): 2 10’s + 1

That is, 20 is said “2-10”, or ni-juu / にじゅう. The only exception is 100, which is hyaku / ひゃく, made up of hya / ひゃ and ku / く.

numberhiraganaromaji
20にじゅうni jū
21にじゅういちni jū ichi
22にじゅうにni jū ni
23にじゅうさんni jū san
24にじゅうよんni jū yon
25にじゅうごni jū go
26にじゅうろくni jū roku
27にじゅうななni jū nana
28にじゅうはちni jū hachi
29にじゅうきゅうni jū kyū

Forming big numbers like 20, 30, 40 and beyond is simple! We just need to say the first number followed by juu / じゅう.

numberhiraganaromaji
30さんじゅうsan jū
40よんじゅうyon jū
50ごじゅうgo jū
60ろくじゅうroku jū
70ななじゅうnana jū
80はちじゅうhachi jū
90きゅうじゅうkyū jū

For example, 52 would be

50(ごじゅう) + and + 2(に), so “52(ごじゅうに)”

NUBERS: 3 DIGITS

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100 is pronounced as “hyaku” in Japanese. The table below shows how to write and read Japanese numbers beyond 100.

Let’s look at even larger numbers. 300, 600, and 800 are read slightly differently.

Irregular readings are colored in red.

These changes happen because of the interaction between two syllables. It’s better to just get used to it, rather than analyzing it.

numberhiraganaromaji
100ひゃくhyaku
200にひゃくni hyaku
300さんびゃくsan byaku
400よんひゃくyon hyaku
500ごひゃくgo hyaku
600ろっぴゃくroppyaku
700ななひゃくnana hyaku
800はっぴゃくhappyaku
900きゅうひゃくkyū hyaku

As you can see, the rule we learned for the first 100 Japanese numbers is still valid. To count further than 100 in Japanese, you just continue to stack numbers.

Then, when you get to 1,000, hyaku becomes sen and so on.

NUMBERS: LAGER THAN 1000

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In Japanese, numbers larger than 1000 are represented by “,” (comma), and decimal points are represented by “. (period)” for decimal points. In Spanish, however, the usage is completely opposite.

Irregular readings are colored in red.

numberhiraganaromaji
1,000せんsen
2,000にせんni sen
3,000さんぜんsan zen
4,000よんせんyon sen
5,000ごせんgo sen
6,000ろくせんroku sen
7,000ななせんnana sen
8,000はっせんhassen
9,000きゅうせんkyū sen
10,000いちまんichiman
100,000じゅうまんjūman

NUMBERS: DECIMALS

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0 before the decimal point is read rei, 0 after the point can be either way, rei or zero.

Decimal point is ten.

numberhiraganaromaji
0.1れいてんいちrei ten ichi
0.9れいてんきゅうrei ten kyū
0.01れいてんれいいちrei ten rei ichi
0.11れいてんいちいちrei ten ich īchi
0.48れいてんよんはちrei ten yon hachi
0.888れいてんはちはちはちrei ten hachi hachi hachi

NUMBERS: FRACTION

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In fractions, the numerator is represented by the numerator, then the denominator. Also, if the numerator is greater than or equal to 2, the denominator is plural.

As for fractions, you just need to read them as (Denominator) + bun no + (Numerator). Note that you must read the denominator first in the reverse order of notation.

Unlike English, Japanese does not have a word for  “quarter” (1/4)”. And the word for “half” (1/2) is “hanbun (半分)”

numberhiraganaromaji
1/2にぶんのいちni bun no ichi
1/3さんぶんのいちsan bun no ichi
2/3にぶんのさんni bun no san
1/4よんぶんのいちyon bun no ichi
3/4さんぶんのよんsan bun no yon
1/5ごぶんのいちgo bun no ich

Review

Read these number! Don’t see the hiragana and romaji as well.

numberhiraganaromaji
24にじゅうよんni jū yon
48よんじゅうはちyon jū hachi
51ごじゅういちgo jū ichi
99きゅうじゅうきゅうkyū jū kyū
300さんびゃくsan byaku
10,000いちまんichiman
0.01れいてんれいいちrei ten rei ichi
2/3にぶんのさんni bun no san
DAISUKE

Try to use these nubers to Native Japanese teachers with italki not to forget these you’ve just remembered now!

\ Learn Japanese with a personal native teacher!/

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