どうせ vs. なにしろ: Which is Used As A Negative Meaning?

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どうせ vs. なにしろ: Which is Used As A Negative Meaning?

What is the difference between “どうせ(douse) and なにしろ(nanishiro)”? Which is used as a “negative” meaning? Which is used as a meaning of “freeloader”? After reading this, you would be answering this question. Let me introduce what their subtle differences are and how you correctly use them such as native speakers today!




[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmark-circle” wrap=”i”] どうせ(douse)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Anyway / 反正 / 어차피 / Đằng nào thì cũng

“どうせ(douse)” means “Anyway” and which has been used as the meaning of “to emphasize your thought which is especially negative”. The basic way to use it is “わたしはどうせ___できない。(I can’t ___ anyway.)”, etc. For instance, “わたしはどうせねむれない。(I can’t sleep anyway.)”, “わたしはどうせべれない。(I can’t eat it anyway.)”, “わたしはどうせできない。(I can’t do it anyway.)”, etc. The tips for using it are that “どうせ” is used as a “NEGATIVE” feeling. For instance, “わたしはできない。(I can’t do it.)” means that the fact that “You can’t do it”, however, “わたしはどうせできない。(I can’t do it anyway.)” means that the fact that “You can’t do it” and you feel negative about it and you don’t want to do it. So, that’s why “どうせ” is basically used for “the first-person pronoun”. However, when you say “どうせあなたはできない。(You can’t do it anyway.)”, that sounds “REALLY LOOK DOWN” instead of “あなたはできない。(You can’t do it.)” and “どうせかれ/彼女かのじょはできない。(He/She can’t do it anyway.)” as well. Don’t you “どうせ” for the second or third pronoun, they would get angry at you when you say “どうせ” to them. Everybody could use “どうせ” as casual, polite and formal such as “どうせべれないよ。(I can’t eat it anyway.)” as casual and “どうせべれません。(I can’t eat it anyway.)” as polite and formal.

Example
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どうせ出来できないし、やりたくないよ。 (I don’ wanna do that since I can’t do it anyway.) (反正我做不来,也不想做。) (어차피 할 수도 없고, 하고 싶지도 않아.) (Đằng nào thì cũng không làm được, không muốn làm đâu.)
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寿司食すしたべにかない? (Why don’t we eat out SUSHI?) (去吃寿司吗?) (초밥 먹으러 안 갈래?) (Đi ăn sushi không?)
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っても、どうせ生物食なまものたべれないしやめとくね。 (If I go there, I can’t eat perishable foods anyway. So I’ll pass.) (就算我去了也吃不了生的,还是不去了。) (가도 어차피 날 것 못 먹으니까 안 갈래.) (Có đi thì đằng nào cũng chẳng ăn được đồ sống nên là thôi bỏ đi nhé.)
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どうせ出来できないんでしょ? (You can’t do it anyway, huh?) (反正你做不来对吧?) (어차피 안 되는 거지?) (Đằng nào thì cũng chẳng thể làm được, đúng không?)
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmark-circle” wrap=”i”] なにしろ(nanishiro)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Since, Because / 毕竟 / 어쨌든, 워낙에 / Dù sao đi nữa

なにしろ(nanishiro)” means “Since or Because” and which has been used as the meaning of ” for the reason that”. The basic way to use it is “A、なにしろB。(A, since/because B)”, etc. For instance, “今日きょうのテストはまった心配しんぱいしていないよ。なに20時間にじゅうじかん勉強べんきょうしたんだ。(I won’t worry about today’s test at all, since I’ve studied for 20 hours for that.)”, etc. The tips for using it are that “なにしろ” is the same meaning as “だから”, “から”, “だって”, “ので”, etc, however, “なにしろ” is used for a SPECIAL REASON which you want to EMPHASIZE. And “なにしろ” doesn’t come to the first sentence. Everybody could use “なにしろ” as casual, polite and formal such as “学校休がっこうやすみだったよ。なにしろ大雪おおきだったからね。(We had a day off from school because of the snow.)” as casual and “学校休がっこうやすみだったよ。なにしろ大雪おおきでしたので。(We had a day off from school because of the snow.)” as polite and formal.

Example
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学校休がっこうやすみだったよ。なにしろ大雪おおきだったからね。 (We had a day off from school because of the snow.) (学校停课了。毕竟这是一场大雪。) (학교는 휴교였어. 워낙에 눈이 많이 왔으니까.) (Tôi đã nghỉ học đấy. Cũng tại tuyết rơi dày quá mà.)
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寿司食すしたべにかない? (Why don’t we eat out SUSHI?) (去吃寿司吗?) (초밥 먹으러 안 갈래?) (Đi ăn sushi không?)
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やめとくね。なにしろ生物食なまものたべれないし。 (I’ll pass since I can’t eat perishable foods.) (不去了。毕竟我吃不了生的东西。) (안 갈래. 어차피 날 것은 먹지도 못하고.) (Thôi bỏ đi. Dù sao thì tôi cũng không thể ăn được đồ sống mà.)
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部屋へや掃除そうじ大変たいへんだー。なにしろ、とてもひろいからね。 (It’s hard to clean up this room since it’s very spacious.) (打扫房间很累。毕竟是那么大一间房间。) (방 청소하기가 힘들어. 워낙에 너무 넓으니까.) (Dọn dẹp phòng thật là vất vả. Dù gì thì cũng tại phòng rộng quá mà.)
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