のこした vs. のこった:The Perfect Guid How to Use These

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のこした vs. のこった:The Perfect Guid How to Use These

What is the difference between “___をのこした(nokoshita) and のこった___(nokotta)”? Which is used as the meaning of “I left ___”? After reading this, you would be answering this question. Let me introduce what their subtle differences are and how you correctly use them such as native speakers today!




[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmark-circle” wrap=”i”] ___をのこした(nokoshita)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] I left ___ / 留下 / 남겼다 / để lại

“___をのこした(nokoshita)” means “I left ___” and which has been used as the meaning of “to not ea something”. The basic ways to use it is that “わたしは___をのこした。(I left ___.)”, etc For instance, “わたしはごはんのこした。(I left some food.)”, “わたし野菜やさいのこした。(I left vegetables.)”, “わたしはピーマン野菜やさい。(I left green papers.)”, etc. The tips for using it are that “___をのこした” is used as the meaning of “YOU DON’T LIKE SOMETHING OR YOU ARE FULL SO YOU COULN’T EAT THEM ANY MORE”, unlike “のこった___”. Everyone could use “___をのこした” as casual, polite and formal such as “ごはんのこしたよ。(I left some food.)” as casual and “ごはんのこしました。(I left some food.)” as polite and formal. Furthermore, native speakers often omit “を” of “___をのこした”, so that would be “___のこした”.

Example
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なかいっぱい。ごはんのこしてもいい? (I’m full. Can I leave some food on the plate?) (我饱了。能把饭剩下吗?) (배 불러. 밥 남겨도 돼?) (Tôi no rồi.Tôi để thừa lại cơm cũng được chứ?)
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Beginner




[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmark-circle” wrap=”i”] のこった___(nokotta)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] ___ left, ___ left over / 残留 / 남았다 / còn lại

のこった___(nokotta)” means “___ left” and which has been used as the meaning of “food remaining after a meal”. The basic ways to use them are that “のこ___(___ left)”, etc For instance, “のこったピザ(leftover pizza)”, “のこったごはん(food left/leftover)”, “のこったおかね(the money left over)” etc. The tips for using it are that “のこった___” is used as the meaning of “FOOD, MONEY, TIME REMAINING”, unlike “のこした___”. Everyone could use “のこった” as casual, polite and formal such as “のこったピザをべたよ。(I ate leftover pizza.)” as casual and “のこったピザをべました。(I ate leftover pizza.)” as polite and formal.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka35.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
のこったごはんべもいい? (Can I eat leftover rice?) (我能把剩下的米饭吃掉吗?) (남은 밥 먹어도 돼?) (Tôi ăn phần cơm còn lại cũng được chứ?)
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まだおこめのこっていますか? (Is there still any rice left?) (饭还有剩的吗?) (아직 쌀이 남아 있습니까?) (Vẫn còn cơm chứ?)
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[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka26.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
もし全部食ぜんぶたれなかったら、のこったピザをください。 (If you don’t eat it all, please give me your leftover pizza!) (如果你吃不完的话,把剩下的披萨给我。) (혹시 다 못 드셨으면 남은 피자 주세요.) (Nếu không thể ăn hết toàn bộ thì hãy cho tôi phần Pizza còn thừa lại.)
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[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa96.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”l icon_blue” sample”]
のこった日本円にほんえんはどうするの? (What are you going to do leftover Japanese yen?) (剩下的日元怎么办?) (남은 엔화는 어떻게 할 거야?) (Đồng yên Nhật còn thừa lại thì làm thế nào đây?)
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