特徴とくちょう vs. 特色とくしょく: Do You Still Think They Are The Same?

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特徴とくちょう vs. 特色とくしょく: Do You Still Think They Are The Same?

What is the difference between “特徴とくちょう and 特色とくしょく“? Do you still think they are the same? After reading this, you would be answering this question. Let me introduce what their subtle differences are and how you correctly use them such as native speakers today!




[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmark-circle” wrap=”i”] 特徴とくちょう (tokuchou)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Characteristics / 特征 / 특징 / Đặc trưng

特徴とくちょう” means “Characteristics” and which has been used as the meaning of “unique qualities that make something or someone different from others”. The basic way to use it is “Aの特徴とくちょうはBだ。(The characteristic of A is B.)”, etc. For instance, “このパソコンの特徴とくちょうちいさい画面がめんだ。(The characteristic of this computer is a small screen.)”, etc. The tips for using it are that “特徴とくちょう” is used as the meaning of “UNIQUE POINTS FROM OTHERS” which is used for both “GOOD and BAD meaning”. Everybody could use it both in daily conversations as casual and in business situations as formal, such as “このパソコンの特徴とくちょうちいさい画面がめんだよ。(The characteristic of this computer is a small screen.)” as casual and “このパソコンの特徴とくちょうちいさい画面がめんです。(The characteristic of this computer is a small screen.)” as polite and lastly, “このパソコンの特徴とくちょうちいさい画面がめんになります。(The characteristic of this computer is a small screen.)” as formal. We’re not sure if a small screen is good or not, however, it’s a unique point. That is “特徴とくちょう“.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka11.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
このワインの特徴とくちょう説明せつめいしてくれませんか? (Can you describe the characteristics of this wine?) (你能解释一下这款红酒的特点吗?) (이 와인의 특징을 설명해 주시겠어요?) (Bạn có thể giải thích cho tôi đặc trưng của loại rượu này không?)
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このパソコンの特徴とくちょうちいさい画面がめんだよ。 (The characteristic of this computer is a small screen.) (这台电脑的特点是一个小屏幕。) (이 PC의 특징은 작은 화면이야.) (Đặc trưng của cái máy vi tính này là màn hình nhỏ gọn.)
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[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka74.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
大阪おおさかって特徴的とくちょうてき言葉ことばづかいだよね? (I think a regional accent which is characteristic of Osaka, huh?) (在大阪会说有特点的方言对吧?) (오사카는 말투가 특징적이지?) (Osaka có cách dùng từ ngữ đặc trưng nhỉ?)
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[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa96.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”l icon_blue” sample”]
それってどのような特徴とくちょうがありますか? (What kind of characteristic does that have?) (那它有什么特点?) (그건 어떤 특징이 있습니까?) (Cái đó có những đặc trưng như thế nào?)
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmark-circle” wrap=”i”] 特色とくしょく (tokushoku)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Features / 特色 / 특색 / Ưu điểm nổi bật

特色とくしょく” means “Features” and which has been used as the meaning of “an important quality or ability of something”. The basic way to use it is “Aの特色とくしょくはBだ。(The feature of A is B.)”, etc. For instance, “このパソコンの特色とくしょくおおきい画面がめんだ。(The feature of this computer is a big screen.)”, etc. The tips for using it are that “特色とくしょく” is used as the meaning of “an INTERESTING or IMPORTANT part, quality, ability, etc. of something” which is used for “ONLY GOOD meaning”. Everybody could use it both in daily conversations as casual and in business situations as formal, such as “このパソコンの特色とくしょくおおきい画面がめんだよ。(The feature of this computer is a big screen.)” as casual and “このパソコンの特色とくしょくおおきい画面がめんです。(The feature of this computer is a big screen.)” as polite and lastly, “このパソコンの特色とくしょくおおきい画面がめんになります。(The feature of this computer is a big screen.)” as formal. We’re sure a big screen is good and it’s a unique point. That is “特色とくしょく“. Lastly, although you would be able to use “特徴とくちょう” for people, you wouldn’t be able to use “特色とくしょく” for them.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka35.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
あたらしいアイフォンの特色とくしょくってなに (What’s the features the new iPhone?) (新款iPhone有什么特色?) (새로운 아이폰의 특색이 뭐야?) (Ưu điểm nổi bật của Iphone mới là gì vậy?)
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このパソコンの特色とくしょくおおきい画面がめんだよ。 (The feature of this computer is a big screen.) (这台电脑的特点是屏幕很大。) (이PC의 특색은 큰 화면이야.) (Ưu điểm nổi bật của cái máy vi tính này là có màn hình lớn đấy.)
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[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka92.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
とく特色とくしょくほんだね。 (The book has no special features.) (这是一本没有特色的书。) (딱히 특색이 없는 책이구나.) (Quyển sách này không điểm gì nổi bật nhỉ.)
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[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa98.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”l icon_blue” sample”]
それってどのような特色とくしょくがありますか? (What kind of feature does that have?) (那它有什么特色?) (그건 어떤 특색이 있습니까?) (Cái đó có những ưu điểm nổi bật như thế nào?)
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