得意とくい vs. 特技とくぎ vs. 才能さいのう: There are subtle differences.

0910-2020-tokui-vs-tokugi-vs-sainou-learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan
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得意とくい vs. 特技とくぎ vs. 才能さいのう: There are subtle differences.

What is the difference between “得意とくい, 特技とくぎ and 才能さいのう“? How do native speakers use these words depending on what the situations are? After reading this, you would be answering this question. Let me introduce what their subtle differences are and how you correctly use them such as native speakers today!




[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmark-circle” wrap=”i”] 得意とくい (tokui)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Be good at/with / 擅长 / 특기 / giỏi

得意とくい” means “Be good at/with” and which has been used as the meaning of “someone can do something well”. The basic way to use it is “わたしは___(するの)が得意とくいです。(I am good at ___.)”, etc. For instance, “わたし料理りょうり得意とくいです。(I am good at cooking.)” etc. The tips for using it are that “得意とくい” is used as “an ABILITY of what you can do something WELL such as your HOBBY”. Everybody could use this both in daily conversations as casual and in business situations as formal such as “料理りょうり得意とくいだよ。(I’m good at cooking.)” and “料理りょうり得意とくいです。(I am good at cooking.)”.

Example
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料理りょうり得意とくいだよ。 (I’m good at cooking.) (我擅长烹饪。) (요리가 특기야.) (Tôi giỏi nấu ăn đấy.)
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Beginner




[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmark-circle” wrap=”i”] 特技とくぎ (tokugi)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Skill / 特殊技能 / 잘하는 것 / kỹ năng đặc biệt, năng khiếu

特技とくぎ” means “Skill” and which has been used as the meaning of “a particular ability that you develop through training and experience and that is useful in a job or something”. The basic way to use it is “わたし特技とくぎは___です。(My skill is ___.)”, etc. For instance, “わたし特技とくぎはピアノをくことです。(My skill is playing the piano.)” etc. The tips for using it are that “特技とくぎ” is used as a meaning of “an ABILITY developed through TRAINING”. Everybody could use this both in daily conversations as casual and in business situations as formal such as “特技とくぎはピアノをくことだよ。(My skill is playing the piano.)” and “特技とくぎはピアノをくことです。(My skill is playing the piano.)”.

Example
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特技とくぎ仕事しごとかせるのはいね。 (It’s good to have a job where I can make use of your skills.) (希望能在工作上发挥我的特技。) (특기를 업무에 쓸 수 있는 건 좋네!) (Có thể áp dụng kỹ năng đặc biệt vào công việc thì tốt nhỉ.)
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特技とくぎはピアノをくことだよ。 (My skill is playing the piano.) (我的特长是弹钢琴。) (특기는 피아노 연주야.) (Năng khiếu của tôi là chơi đàn Piano đấy.)
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特技とくぎはスノボーです。 (My skill is snowboarding.) (我的特技是单板滑雪。) (특기는 스노우보드입니다.) (Năng khiếu của tôi là trượt tuyết.)
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmark-circle” wrap=”i”] 才能さいのう (sainou)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Talent / 才华 / 재능 / tài năng

才能さいのう” means “Talent” and which has been used as the meaning of “someone who has a natural ability to do something well, especially without being taught”. The basic way to use it is “わたしは___する/の才能さいのうがあります。(I have a talent to ___.)”, etc. For instance, “わたし日本語にほんご勉強べんきょうする才能さいのうがあります。(I have a talent to learn Japanese.)” etc. The tips for using it are that “才能さいのう” is used as a meaning of “a NATURAL ABILITY”. Everybody could use this both in daily conversations as casual and in business situations as formal such as “あのひと日本語にほんご勉強べんきょうする才能さいのうがあるよ。(That guy has a talent to learn Japanese.)” and “あのひと日本語にほんご勉強べんきょうする才能さいのうがあります。(That guy has a talent to learn Japanese.)”. Lastly, “才能さいのう“(Highest) > “特技とくぎ“(Middle) > “得意とくい“(Lowest).

Example
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ピアノの才能さいのうがないんだー。 (I don’t have the talent to play the piano.) (没有弹钢琴的天赋。) (피아노 재능은 없어.) (Tôi chẳng có tý tài năng nào về Piano cả.)
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才能さいのう開花かいかしたね! (Your talent bloomed!) (展现才华!) (재능을 살렸네!) (Tài năng đã được phát huy nhỉ!)
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日本語にほんご才能さいのうがあるね! (You are talented in Japanese.) (你有日语的才能!) (일본어에 재능이 있구나!) (Bạn có năng khiếu về tiếng Nhật nhỉ!)
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