まる vs. める: You Won’t Get Complicated Anymore

1206-2020-tomaru-vs-tomeru-learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan
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まる vs. める: You Won’t Get Complicated Anymore

What is the difference between “まる(tomaru) and める(tomeru)”? Which is used as an intransitive verb? After reading this, you would be answering this question. Let me introduce what their subtle differences are and how you correctly use them such as native speakers today!




[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmark-circle” wrap=”i”] まる (tomaru)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Be stopped, Be stuck, Freeze / 停止 / 멈춤 / dừng lại

まる” means “Be stopped, Be stuck or Freeze” and which has been used as the meaning of “to not move, to not continue, or to pause”. The basic way to use it is “___がまる。(__ is stopped/stuck)”, etc. For instance, “荷物にもつまる。(A package is stuck.)”, “電車でんしゃまる。(A train stops.)”, etc. The tips for using it are that “まる” is used as “an INTRANSITIVE VERB”, so basically A SUBJECT WOULDN’T BE A PERSON, unlike “める”. Everybody could use “まる” in daily conversations as casual and in business situations as formal such as “電車でんしゃまったね。(A train stopped.)” as casual and “電車でんしゃまりました。(A train stopped.)” as formal and which is also used as polite.

Example
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インターネットがわるくて、画面がめん時々ときどきまるの。 (My internet sucks that my screen freezes sometimes.) (网络很差,页面常常卡住。) (인터넷이 안좋아서 화면이 가끔 멈춰.) (Do mạng yếu nên thỉnh thoảng màn hình lại bị đứng hình.)
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せきまったけど、鼻水はなみずはまだるよ。 (I have stopped coughing, but still have a runny nose.) (虽然已经不咳嗽了,但还在流鼻涕。) (기침은 멈추었지만, 콧물은 아직 나와.) (Cơn ho đã chấm dứt rồi nhưng mà vẫn còn sổ mũi.)
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さっき電車でんしゃまってたけど、いまうごいてるよ。 (The trains were stopping a while ago, but they are now running.) (刚才电车停驶了,现在已经重开了喔。) (아까 전철이 멈췄었지만, 지금은 움직이고 있어.) (Lúc nãy tàu điện mới bị dừng nhưng bây giờ chạy lại rồi.)
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[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa98.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”l icon_blue” sample”]
荷物にもつ税関ぜいかんまってるみたい。 (It looks like the package is stuck in customs.) (行李似乎被扣在海关里。) (짐이 세관에서 멈춰 있는 것 같아.) (Hình như hành lý đang bị dừng lại ở chỗ hải quan.)
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmark-circle” wrap=”i”] める(tomeru)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Stop, Stuck, Turn off / 制止 / 중지 / dừng lại

める” means “Be stopped, Be stuck or Freeze” and which has been used as the meaning of “to not move, to not continue, or to pause”. The basic way to use it is “わたしは___をめる。(__ stopped/stuck)”, etc. For instance, “わたしはシャワーをめる。(I turn off the shower)”, “わたしめる。(I turn off the heat.)”, etc. The tips for using it are that “める” is used as “a TRANSITIVE VERB”, so basically A SUBJECT WOULD BE A PERSON, unlike “まる”. Everybody could use “める” in daily conversations as casual and in business situations as formal such as “めたよ。(I turned off the heat.) as casual and “めまsita。(I turned off the heat.) as formal and which is also used as polite.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka27.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
いい加減かげんアラームめてよ! (Turn the alarm off already!) (快把闹钟按掉!) (적당히 하고 알람 좀 꺼!) (Hãy dừng báo động linh tinh lại đi!)
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”headphones” wrap=”i”] LISTENING COURSE Sample [wp-svg-icons icon=”headphones” wrap=”i”]
 
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