となり vs. そば: Native Speakers Often Use These

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となり vs. そば: Native Speakers Often Use These

What is the difference between となり(tonari) and そば(soba)”? Which is used as the meaning of “next to”? After reading this, you would be answering this question. Let me introduce what their subtle differences are and how you correctly use them such as native speakers today!




[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmark-circle” wrap=”i”] となり(tonari)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] Next to / 旁边 / 이웃 / Bên cạnh

“となり” means “Next to” and which has been used as the meaning of “when one thing is next to another thing, it is on the other side of it.”. The basic way to use it is “___のとなり(next to ___)”, etc. For instance, “東京とうきょうのとなり(next to Tokyo)”, “まどのとなり(next to the window)”, “えきのとなり(next to the station)”, etc. The tips for using it are that “となり” is used as the meaning of “SIDE BY SIDE”. Everybody could use “となり” in daily conversations as casual and in business situations as formal such as “それはまどのとなりにあるよ。(It’s next to the window.)” as casual and “それはまどのとなりにあります。(It’s next to the window.)” as formal and which is also used as polite.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka35.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
菓子屋かしや学校がっこうとなりです。 (The sweets shop is next to the school.) (糖果店就在学校旁边。) (제과점은 학교 옆입니다.) (Cửa hàng bánh kẹo nằm ngay cạnh trường học.)
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[wp-svg-icons icon=”headphones” wrap=”i”] LISTENING COURSE Sample [wp-svg-icons icon=”headphones” wrap=”i”]
 
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Beginner




[wp-svg-icons icon=”checkmark-circle” wrap=”i”] そば(soba)

[wp-svg-icons icon=”arrow-right-2″ wrap=”span”] By / 附近 / 옆 / Gần

“となり” means “by” and which has been used as the meaning of “near or at the side of”. The basic way to use it is “___のそば(by ___)”, etc. For instance, “東京いとうきょうのそば(by Tokyo)”, “まどのそば(by the window)”, “えきのそば(by the station)”, etc. The tips for using it are that “そば” is used as the meaning of “ARE NEAR SOMETHING” and “そば” doesn’t matter if something is side by side with something or not. Everybody could use “そば” in daily conversations as casual and in business situations as formal such as “それはまどのそばにあるよ。(It’s by the window.)” as casual and “それはまどのそばにあります。(It’s by the window.)” as formal and which is also used as polite.

Example
[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka74.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
菓子屋かしや学校がっこうそばです。 (The sweets shop is by the shool.) (糖果店就在学校附近。) (제과점은 학교 옆입니다.) (Cửa hàng bánh kẹo nằm gần trường học.)
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[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa98.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”l icon_blue” sample”]
友達ともだちそばすわりたいな。 (I wanna sit by my friend.) (我想坐在朋友附近。) (친구 옆에 앉고 싶어.) (Muốn ngồi gần bạn của tôi nhỉ.)
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[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-yuka36.jpg” name=”ゆか” type=”l icon_red” sample”]
それはこの建物たてものそばです。 (It’s by this building.) (就在这栋楼附近。) (그것은 이 건물의 옆입니다.) (Chỗ đó ở gần tòa nhà này.)
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[voice icon=”http://jpyokoso.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan-okawa22.jpg” name=”たつや” type=”l icon_blue” sample”]
友達ともだちわたしいえそばんでいます。 (He lives in the house by my house.) (我的朋友住在我家附近。) (친구가 제 집의 근처에서 살고 있습니다.) (Bạn tôi đang sống gần nhà tôi.)
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