No More Mistakes About Using Both こわい and こわ

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No More Mistakes About Using Both こわい and こわ

There’s afraid, scared, frightened and terrified in English can be translated to こわい and こわい in Japanese. However, what is the difference between them? Both you can read こわい. I’d say you have been using the word of こわい so far. However, the way to read こわい is the actually same thing, so it may have made Japanese learners confused to use and write. Today, let me introduce how they are different from each other and the way to use them clearly.




こわい / こわ

Afraid / Scared / Frightened / Terrified

When searching the meaning of こわい and こわい, they mean the same thing. However, there’s two different way to use. First, こわい is “kanji in common use”, unlike こわい. Second, こわい can be used as subjective and こわい can be used as the objective. This is how natives use こわい or こわい depending on the situations. Let’s look at the detail.

Firstly, “kanji in common use” which is called 常用漢字じょうようかんじ that Japanese government designates a lot of kanji can be often used on daily base. So that’s why, when reading the Japanese newspaper, こわい is often used than こわい. And if you write official letters to someone, then using こわい would be better than using こわい.

Secondly, subjective or objective which means is that when someone feels he/she is afraid / scared / frightened / terrified about something, using こわい is better to choose. However, when someone thinks everybody would be afraid / scared / frightened / terrified about something, using こわい is better to choose.

For instance, when you got scolded by a school teacher, you would use 先生せんせいこわい, however, when the school teacher scolded someone and you have heard about it, you could use 先生せんせいこわい. People have experienced something such as an earthquake, they could use 地震じしんこわ, but People don’t have experienced something such as the earthquake and they have just heard it from someone or saw it on the show-biz , they could use 地震じしんこわい.

Could you figure the difference between こわはなし and こわはなし? When using こわはなし, people have experienced it, and when using こわはなし, people saw about it on the show-biz or hear from someone.

POINT
こわい : kanji in common use : subjective : experience
こわい : except for kanji in common use : objective

Example
ゆか
昨日宿題忘きのうしゅくだいわすれたから先生せんせいおこられたよ。こわかったー! (I got scolded by homeroom teacher yesterday because I forgot my homework. I was scared.) (因为我昨天忘记写作业,所以老师生气了。超可怕的啦!) (어제 숙제를 깜빡해서 선생님한테 혼났어. 무서웠어!) (Hôm trước thầy đã cáu với tôi vì tôi quên bài tập về nhà đấy. Sợ quá!)
たつや
昨日きのう先生せんせい宿題忘しゅくだいわすれた生徒せいとおこっているのをたよ。あの先生せんせいってこわよね。 (I saw a teacher scolding a student who forgot his homework yesterday. I think that teacher is scary.) (昨天看到老师对忘记作业的学生发飙。那个老师真可怕啊。) (어제 선생님이 숙제 안 해온 학생을 혼내는 걸 봤어. 그 선생님 무섭지.) (Hôm trước tôi đã nhìn thấy thầy cáu với một học sinh quên bài tập về nhà đấy. thầy giáo ấy đáng sợ nhờ!)
たつや
3年前さんねんまえ地震じしん体験たいけんしました。本当ほんとうこわかったです。 (I experienced the earthquake 3 years ago. I was frightened.) (三年前我经历过地震。真的非常恐怖。) (3년 전에 지진을 경험했어요. 정말 무서웠어요.) (Tôi đã trải qua trận động đất ba năm trước, tôi đã thực sự sợ hãi.)
ゆか
ニュースで地震じしん映像えいぞうました。本当ほんとうこわかったです。 (I saw the news about the earthquake. That frightened me.) (我在新闻中看到了地震的画面。真的很恐怖。) (뉴스에서 지진 영상을 봤어요. 엄청 무서웠어요.) (Tôi đã xem những hình ảnh về động đất trên bản tin. Tôi thực sự sợ hãi.)
たつや
これからぼく体験たいけんしたこわーいはなしをするね! (From now on, I’m gonna tell you about so scary story.) (从现在开始我要告诉你我经历的可怕故事!) (지금부터 내가 겪은 무서운 얘기를 해줄게!) (Bây giờ tôi sẽ kể cho bạn nghe những câu chuyện đáng sợ mà tôi đã trải qua nhé.)
ゆか
これから田中たなかくんからいたこわーいはなしをするね! (From now on, I’m gonna tell you about so scary story which Tanaka told me.) (从现在开始我要跟你说我从田中那听到的可怕的事!) (지금부터 다나카 군에게 들은 무서운 얘기를 해줄게!) (Bây giờ tôi sẽ kể cho bạn nghe một câu chuyện đáng sợ khủng khiếp mà tôi đã nghe từ anh Tanaka nhé.)
ゆか
こわよー!/ こわ!/ こわーい! / こわなー。/ こわー。 (I’m scared.) (好可怕哦——超可怕!吓死人了!太恐怖啊——好恐怖。) (무서워! 무섭다고! 무서워! 무섭다. 무서워.) (Sợ quá à Sợ! Sợ! Sợ lắm ý ! Sợ!)
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