Antonym:たつ(tatsu) vs. すわる(suwaru)

0626-2022-tatsu-vs-suwaru-learn-japanese-online-how-to-speak-japanese-language-for-beginners-basic-study-in-japan
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Antonym:たつ(tatsu) vs. すわる(suwaru)

What is the difference between “たつ(tatsu) and すわる(suwaru)”? Which is used as the meaning of “sit down”? After reading this, you would be answering this question. Let me introduce what their subtle differences are and how you correctly use them such as native speakers today!

たつ (tatsu)

Stand up / 站 / 서다 / Đứng

“たつ(tatsu)” means “Stand up” and which has been used as the meaning of “to be in an upright position on your feet”. The basic ways to use it are that “___たつ。(___ stand up.)”, etc. For instance, “わたしはたつ。(I stand up.)”, “かれはたつ。(He stands up.)”, “彼女かのじょはたつ。(She stands up.)”, etc. Everyone could use “たつ” as casual, polite and formal such as “かれはたつよ。(He stands up.)” as casual and “かれはたちます。(He stands up.)” as polite and formal. Kanji of “たつ” is “つ”.

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Sample

yuka

てる? (Can you stand up?) (你能站起来吗?) (설 수 있어?) (Tôi có thể đứng lên không?)

tatsuya

ちましょうか? (Do you want me to stand up?) (我们站起来吧?) (설까요?) (Tôi đứng lên nhé?)

yuka

ってください。 (Please stand up.) (请站起来。) (서 주십시오.) (Xin hãy đứng lên.)

tatsuya

たないで! (Don’t stand up!) (不要站起来!) (서지마!) (Đừng đứng lên!)

すわる (suwaru)

Sit down / 坐 / 앉다 / Ngồi

“たつ(tatsu)” means “Sit down” and which has been used as the meaning of “to move your body so that the lower part of it is resting on a seat or on the ground”. The basic ways to use it are that “___すわる。(___ sit down.)”, etc. For instance, “わたしはすわる。(I sit down.)”, “かれはすわる。(He sits down.)”, “彼女かのじょはたつ。(She sits down.)”, etc. Everyone could use “すわる” as casual, polite and formal such as “かれはすわるよ。(He sits down.)” as casual and “かれはすわります。(He sits down.)” as polite and formal. Kanji of “すわる” is “すわる”.

Sample

yuka

すわれる? (Can you sit down?) (你能坐下吗?) (앉을 수 있어?) (Tôi có thể ngồi xuống không?)

tatsuya

すわりましょうか? (Do you want me to sit down?) (我们坐下吧?) (앉을까요?) (Tôi ngồi xuống nhé?)

yuka

すわってください。 (Please sit down.) (请坐下。) (앉아 주십시오.) (Xin hãy ngồi xuống.)

tatsuya

すわらないで! (Don’t sit down!) (不要坐下!) (앉지마!) (Đừng ngồi xuống!)

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