“dare” vs. “donata”:Why Native Speakers Use Both as Who?

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“dare” vs. “donata”:Why Native Speakers Use Both as Who?

What is the difference between “だれ(dare) and どなた(donata)”? Which is used as more polite? After reading this, you would be answering this question. Let me introduce what their subtle differences are and how you correctly use them such as native speakers today!

だれ (dare) / どなた (donata)

Who / 谁, 哪位 / 누구, 어느 분 / Ai, Vị nào

“だれ(dare) and どなた(donata)” mean “Who” and which has been used “especially in questions as the subject or object of a verb, when asking which person or people, or when asking what someone’s name is”. You would use them in a lot of situations. The tips for using them are that “だれ” is used as CASUAL and POLITE, whereas “どなた” is used as FORMAL(polite). That’s what their difference is. For instance “だれと一緒いっしょくの?(Who will you go with?)” as casual, “だれと一緒いっしょくの(ん)ですか?(Who will you go with?)” as polite and “だどなた一緒いっしょくのですか?(Who will you go with?)” as formal. Everybody could use “だれ” in daily conversations as casual, polite and “どなた” is used in business situations as formal.

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Sample

yuka

だれ一緒いっしょくの? (Who will you go with?) (你跟谁一起去呢?) (누구랑 같이 가는 거야?) (Bạn đi cùng với ai vậy?) (dare to issho ni iku no?)

tatsuya

だれはなしたいの? (Who do you want to speak to?) (你想和谁说话呢?) (누구랑 얘기하고 싶은 거야?) (Bạn muốn nói chuyện với ai?) (dare to hanashi tai no?)

yuka

だれはなしてるんですか? (Who are you talking to?) (你在跟谁说话呢?) (누구와 이야기하고 있는 건가요?) (Bạn đang nói chuyện với ai vậy?) (dare to hanashi teru n desu ka?)

tatsuya

だれけばいいでしょうか? (Who should I ask about it?) (我应该问谁?) (누구에게 물으면 될까요?) (Tôi nên hỏi ai thì được ạ?) (dare ni kikeba īde shou ka?)

yuka

どなた一緒いっしょくのですか? (Who would you go with?) (你要跟哪位一起去呢?) (어느 분과 함께 가는 건가요?) (Bạn đi cùng với vị nào vậy?) (donata to issho ni iku no desu ka?)

tatsuya

どなたはなしたいのですか? (Who would you like to speak to?) (你想和哪位说话呢?) (어느 분과 이야기하고 싶은 건가요?) (Bạn muốn nói chuyện với vị nào ạ?) (donata to hanashi tai no desu ka?)

yuka

どなたはなしているのですか? (Who are you talking to?) (你在跟哪位说话呢?) (어느 분과 이야기하고 있는 건가요?) (Bạn đang nói chuyện với vị nào vậy ạ?) (donata to hanashite iru no desu ka?)

tatsuya

どなたけばいいでしょうか? (Who should I ask about it?) (我应该问哪位呢?) (어느 분께 물으면 될까요?) (Tôi nên hỏi vị nào thì được ạ?) (donata ni kikeba īde shou ka?)

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